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    • Glossary
      • I-TIP Definitions
        • FLOW APPROACH
          • In the flow approach the application shows actions taken during the selected period: one year, one quarter, etc. Actions may be initiations, put into force or withdrawals. If a measure has initiation and putting into force in the same period, it will add to both numbers, initiations and putting into force.
        • I-TIP
          • Integrated Trade Intelligence Portal
        • IN FORCE DATE
          • The date when the measure is put in force, in I-TIP, is well known for trade defence measures (Antidumping, Countervailing, and Safeguards measures); in contrast, it may or may not be notified for SPS and TBT. The measures in agriculture (SSG, TRQ, XS, AMS) are defined in annual periods and here we use the start and the end of the year as in-force date and withdrawal date, respectively.
        • INITIATION DATE
          • The initiation date is the date when the measure in preparation is made known to other WTO members; in SPS and TBT it is then the date when the measure is distributed to other members through DOL. In AD, CV, and SG, the date of initiation of investigation is also the date when the affected member is notified of initiation. In agricultural NTMs, initiation is not applicable.
        • NOTIFICATION
          • Official communication of a member to WTO for fulfilling a requirement on information.
        • SILO
          • In the I-TIP application, "silos" refers to the underlying databases from which the information is harvested. Currently those are SPSIMS, TBTIMS, AGIMS, ADDB, SGDB, and CVDB.
        • STOCK APPROACH
          • In the stock approach, the application shows the measures in force at the selected date. Measures in force are discounted from measures initiated, and measures withdrawn are discounted from measures in force.
        • WITHDRAWAL DATE
        • WTO-INTERPRETED
          • In this application, the measure, the imposing member, and the initiation or in-force date are required information gathered from notification documents; product information (HS or free text), affected countries, and other date information are not necessarily provided across all notifications. The Secretariat provides complementary information, wherever appropriate and meaningful, to assist in the interpretation of the notifications. Any supplementary information has been clearly identified as "WTO-interpreted" and is shown in italics in the results.
      • Intnl.Trade Concepts
        • MEASURE
          • Laws, regulations, and other actions taken by governments in the fields covered by I-TIP. In I-TIP, each measure is classified by type and has an imposing country, an in-force and an initiation date, an affected country, and may have affected products.
        • NTM
          • Non-Tariff Measures: In this application, the term "Non-Tariff Measures" (NTM or NTMs) is defined as the measures subject to monitoring through notification under GATT-WTO agreements. Measures that are not subject to monitoring are not considered here.
        • Trade defence measures
          • There are three types of measures grouped under this name: Antidumping, Countervailing, and Safeguards.
        • WTO
          • World Trade Organization: The World Trade Organization (WTO) is the international organization dealing with the global rules of trade between nations. Its main function is to ensure that trade flows as smoothly, predictably, and freely as possible.
      • Acronyms
        • ADDB
          • WTO's Antidumping Database
        • ADP
          • Antidumping: Measures notified to WTO as defined in Art.16.4. of the agreement on antidumping measures (Agreement on Implementation of Article VI of GATT-1994). These measures are sourced from the application ADDB, Antidumping Database.
        • AGIMS
          • WTO's Agriculture Information Management System
        • CRN
          • Central Registry of Notifications: The Uruguay Round Ministerial Decision on Notification Procedures has established under the responsibility of the Secretariat a Central Registry of Notifications (CRN). All notifications should be sent to the Administrator of the CRN and not to WTO bodies and/or Secretariat staff (with the exception of the notification requirements related to the IDB - Integrated Database). The CRN system is a section of the WTO's Documents Online application.
        • CTS
          • Consolidated Tariff Schedules Database
        • CV
          • Countervailing measures. In I-TIP, it refers to the measures taken under GATT Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures, and in particular, on the information notified under the Article 25 of that agreement.
        • CVDB
          • WTO's Countervailing Database
        • DOL
          • Documents Online or DocsOnLine or DOL: It is the database providing access to the official documentation of the World Trade Organization, including the legal texts of WTO agreements.
        • IDB
          • Integrated Data Base
        • IMS
          • WTO's Information Management Systems.
        • SG
          • Safeguards measures. In I-TIP, it refers to the measures taken under GATT agreement on safeguards, and in particular, on the information notified under the Article 12 of that agreement.
        • SPS
          • Sanitary and Phytosanitary measures: Measures notified to WTO as defined in the SPS agreement, particularly the information notified under Annex B Article 5. I-TIP takes them from SPS-IMS system.
        • SPSIMS
          • WTO's Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Information Management System
        • TAO, IDB
          • Tool for consulting information from WTO trade and tariff databases, Integrated Data Base, IDB and Consolidated Tariff Schedules, and CTS.
        • TBT
          • Technical Barriers to Trade: Measures notified to WTO as defined in the TBT agreement, in particular the information notified under Articles 10 and 15. I-TIP takes them from the TBT-IMS system.
        • TBTIMS
          • WTO's Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) Information Management System
        • TDF
          • Tariff Download Facility
      • HS & ICS Glossary
        • CHAPTER (HS)
          • Two-digit category of Harmonized System classification, covering 96 Chapters. Codes "98", "99", and "00" are optional for country use.
        • HEADING (HS)
          • Four-digit category of Harmonized System classification. Each Heading has a complete description. The HS system has about 1241Headings since 2002.
        • HS
          • Harmonized System of codification and classification of merchandises: Known generally as Harmoized System (HS), this system is kept by the WCO, World Customs Organizations. This classification is designed to be used by customs administrations in external trade matters. It is now applied by almost all countries in the world. The classification was launched in 1988 and is updated each five years: the first revision is called HS-1992; second revision HS-1996; third revision HS-2002; fourth HS-2007; and the fifth is HS-2012. It is a multi-level classification whose most detailed level is six digits with more than five thousand items at this level, called "Subheadings". They are grouped into Headings (1241 items coded at 4 digits) and Chapters (96 items coded at 2 digits). There are also 21 Sections; Sections are not represented in the HS codification. See methodology for the particularities on how the HS and its different versions are used in I-TIP.
        • ICS
          • International Classification for Standards. The ICS is maintained by the ISO, International Organization for Standardization, and is intended to serve as a structure for catalogues of standards and other normative documents as well as a basis for systems for standards. The ICS is a hierarchical classification that consists of three levels. The first level, called "field", covers 40 divisions at two digits. The fields are subdivided into 392 groups. The notation of a group consists of the field notation and a three-digit group number, separated by a point (e.g. 43.040). 144 of the 392 groups are further divided into 909 subgroups for a total of 1204 items at the most detailed level. The subgroups add two digits to the notation (e.g. 43.040.20). The first subgroup within the group refers to the complete subject of the respective group and has code ".01".
        • SECTION (HS)
          • Broadest Harmonized System category. The Harmonized System comprises 21 "Sections".
        • SUBHEADING (HS)
          • Most detailed international level of the Harmonized System (HS) classification, defined at six digits. In HS version 2012, there are 5205 Subheadings at six digits.
        • TARIFF LINE
          • Product classification level applied by countries. It goes deeper than the 6-digit common level of HS. In some cases, it has 12 digits.
    • Methodology
    • Map of the application
    • Classifications used in the application


  • Measures: Anti dumping [ADP], Countervailing [CV], Quantitative Restrictions [QR], Safeguards [SG], Sanitary and Phytosanitary [SPS] [Ordinaire, Urgence], Special Safeguards [SSG], Technical Barriers to Trade [TBT] [Mesures ordinaires], Tariff-rate quotas [TRQ], Export Subsidies [XS]
    Member(s) imposing: Any
    Partner(s) affected: Any [Include the category "All members"]
    Date(s): 31/12/2018 [initiated, in force]
    Product(s): Any
    Keywords: Any

  • SPSTBTADPCVSGSSGQRTRQXS
    AfricaBenin
    Botswana
    Burkina Faso
    Burundi
    Cabo Verde
    Cameroon
    Central African Republic
    Congo
    Côte d'Ivoire
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Egypt
    Eswatini
    Ethiopia
    Gabon
    The Gambia
    Ghana
    Guinea
    Kenya
    Liberia
    Madagascar
    Malawi
    Mali
    Mauritius
    Morocco
    Mozambique
    Namibia
    Nigeria
    Rwanda
    Senegal
    Seychelles
    South Africa
    Tanzania
    Togo
    Tunisia
    Uganda
    Zambia
    Zimbabwe
    Africa Total
    AsiaAfghanistan
    Australia
    Brunei Darussalam
    Cambodia
    China
    Fiji
    Hong Kong, China
    India
    Indonesia
    Japan
    Korea, Republic of
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    Macao, China
    Malaysia
    Mongolia
    Myanmar
    Nepal
    New Zealand
    Pakistan
    Papua New Guinea
    Philippines
    Singapore
    Sri Lanka
    Chinese Taipei
    Thailand
    Viet Nam
    Asia Total
    Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), including associate and former member StatesArmenia
    Georgia
    Kazakhstan
    Kyrgyz Republic
    Moldova, Republic of
    Russian Federation
    Tajikistan
    Ukraine
    Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), including associate and former member States Total
    EuropeAlbania
    Austria
    Belgium
    Bulgaria
    Croatia
    Cyprus
    Czech Republic
    Denmark
    Estonia
    European Union
    Finland
    France
    Germany
    Hungary
    Iceland
    Ireland
    Italy
    Latvia
    Lithuania
    Montenegro
    Netherlands
    North Macedonia
    Norway
    Poland
    Portugal
    Romania
    Slovak Republic
    Slovenia
    Spain
    Sweden
    Switzerland
    Turkey
    United Kingdom
    Europe Total
    Least-developed countriesAfghanistan
    Benin
    Burkina Faso
    Burundi
    Cabo Verde
    Cambodia
    Central African Republic
    Democratic Republic of the Congo
    Ethiopia
    The Gambia
    Guinea
    Haiti
    Lao People's Democratic Republic
    Liberia
    Madagascar
    Malawi
    Mali
    Mozambique
    Myanmar
    Nepal
    Rwanda
    Senegal
    Tanzania
    Togo
    Uganda
    Yemen
    Zambia
    Least-developed countries Total
    Middle EastBahrain, Kingdom of
    Israel
    Jordan
    Kuwait, the State of
    Oman
    Qatar
    Saudi Arabia, Kingdom of
    United Arab Emirates
    Yemen
    Middle East Total
    North AmericaCanada
    Mexico
    United States of America
    North America Total
    South and Central America and the CaribbeanAntigua and Barbuda
    Argentina
    Barbados
    Belize
    Bolivia, Plurinational State of
    Brazil
    Chile
    Colombia
    Costa Rica
    Cuba
    Dominica
    Dominican Republic
    Ecuador
    El Salvador
    Grenada
    Guatemala
    Guyana
    Haiti
    Honduras
    Jamaica
    Nicaragua
    Panama
    Paraguay
    Peru
    Saint Lucia
    Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
    Suriname
    Trinidad and Tobago
    Uruguay
    Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of
    South and Central America and the Caribbean Total
    Grand Total
    62       
    3103       
    6        
    813       
    4        
     8       
    310       
     3       
    19     15  
    2        
    8720715      
    21       
        1    
     2       
    22       
    59       
    111       
    92770       
    13       
    37   3    
    1618       
    212    20  
    178    9  
    562613 4  16 
    614       
     1       
    298       
    1215       
    714       
    44    6  
    6127832 3  5362
    2229       
    112       
    227  3  13 
    56999       
    488  1    
    61       
    587306860 15 508262
    32    18  
    4652098614  17826
    32       
     22       
    1256129511551 4210 
    41       
    4280    142  
    22713132334 593 
    12212139 6  21
    6108459  1738518 
    62290039  759267 
    31    12  
    236    20  
    4324318 3  13 
    27       
     2       
    276       
    57911551  8431
    110846      
     1       
    4292632 5112114 
    6164    143  
    3952       
    478345165 1054422 
    25963649 3 11223 
    1041377 4  2 
    54025594754282636410521798
    2885  1    
    23106    15  
    2821  1 29  
    948  1    
    749     3 
    1568823 1 934 
     6       
    1301452312 41 
    3815484616 1418 
    20188       
    14       
    10208       
    27      7244
    139     8 
    111      9
    25334   9 2416
    3252       
     15       
    707124813119 71188720
    275       
    14253       
    1123       
    2233   5 7016
    82     862
     3       
    333       
    4630     4 
     34     1 
    49        
    68614       
    47     1 
    3881   2 21411
    257   288 3517
     1       
    2590     713
    2047   3 2417
    22113     20 
    675       
     225       
    73303   1039285
    10714819327 31 44
    451       
    1533443732421738888681214
    32    18  
    62       
    6        
    813       
    4        
     22       
    310       
    2        
        1    
    22       
    111       
    11       
    31    12  
    13       
    37   3    
    1618       
    212    20  
    614       
     2       
    276       
    1215       
    714       
    2229       
    112       
    56999       
    38157       
    488  1    
    2761803  5 50  
    198553  3    
    910876    126
    4047  1    
    48445  3    
    93391  2    
    98556  2    
    38210975 3    
    168454  2    
    38157       
    1074478711 16  126
    123170284281 482111
    361623773  57115
    304116323931312496595213
    4633295755416234961648429
    4        
    221408122      
    510   88 36 
    912       
    1835       
    14649651843   116
    5865354 1  1 
    30127928    5818
    2051961 25189 
    1619    41  
     15       
    712274    8 
    213340  1  14 
    1312582    1 
     20       
    69104     22 
    121       
    11       
    5792       
    16108       
    104158   6322 
    63100     141
    27107       
    794110103  6  
     54       
    113       
     1       
    51171      
    51271   44 3
    1335     6272
    444643673576499141228110
    180482574321062187765216361274429

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